- 80mΩ Integrated Power N-channel MOSFET Switches
- Accurate Current Sensing and 1A Current Limiting
- 12ms Fault Delay to Latch-Off, No Thermal Dependency
- 2.5V to 5.5V Operating Range
- Disabled Output Internally Pulled Low
- Undervoltage Lockout
- Controlled Turn-on Ramp Time
- Channel Independent Fault Output Signals
- Compatible with 3.3V and 5V Logic Families
- Channel Independent Logic Level Enable High Inputs (ISL6436H) or Enable Low Inputs (ISL6436L)
The ISL6436 is a USB dual port power controller, fully independent overcurrent (OC) fault protection IC. Operational over the +2.5V to +5.5V range, this device features internal current monitoring, accurate current limiting, integrated power switches and current limited delay to latch-off for system protection.
The ISL6436 current sense and limiting circuitry sets the current limit to a nominal 1A, making this device well suited for the USB port power management application. The ISL6436 provides OC fault notification, accurate current limiting and a consistent timed latch-off thus isolating and protecting the voltage bus in the presence of an OC event or short circuit. The 12ms time to latch-off is independent of the adjoining switch's electrical or thermal condition and the OC response time is inversely related to the OC magnitude.
Each ISL6436 incorporates in a single 8 lead SOIC package two 80mΩ N-channel MOSFET power switches for power control. Each switch is driven by a constant current source giving a controlled ramp up of the output voltage. This provides a soft start turn-on eliminating bus voltage drooping caused by inrush current while charging heavy load capacitances. Independent enabling inputs and fault reporting outputs for each channel are compatible with 3V and 5V logic to allow external control and monitoring.
The ISL6436 undervoltage lockout feature prevents turn-on of the outputs unless the correct ENABLE state and VIN > 2.5V are present. During initial turn-on the ISL6436 prevents fault reporting by blanking the fault signal. Rising and falling outputs are current limited voltage ramps so that both the inrush current and voltage slew rate are limited, independent of load. This reduces supply droop due to surge and eliminates the need for external EMI filters. During operation, once an OC condition is detected the appropriate output is current limited for 12ms to allow transient conditions to pass. If still in current limit after the current limit period has elapsed, the output is then latched off and the fault is reported by pulling the corresponding FAULT low. The FAULT signal is latched low until reset by the ENABLE signal being de-asserted at which time the FAULT signal will clear.
- USB Port Power Management
- Electronic Circuit Limiting and Breaker
|# of Outputs||2||2||2||1|
|VBIAS (min)||2.5 V||2.5 V||2.5 V||2.5 V|
|VBIAS (max)||5.5 V||5.5 V||5.5 V||5.5 V|
|Controlled Voltages (V)||+2.5 to +5.5||+2.5 to +5.5||+2.5 to +5.5||2.5 to 5.5|
|Regulation or Latch-Off for Overcurrent||Current Regulation||Current Regulation (0.6A , 1.1A, 1.5A, 1.8A)||Current Regulation (0.6A , 1.1A, 1.5A, 1.8A)||Current Regulation (2A)|
|rDS(ON)||80 mΩ||71 mΩ||71 mΩ||50 mΩ|
|Reporting||FAULT-bar for OC||FAULT-bar for OC||FAULT-bar for OC||Fault-bar for OC Latch-Off|
|UV/OV Feature||UV Lockout||UV Lockout||UV Lockout||UV Lockout|
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